five ODIs and a T20I. India lost half their side but went past 300-run mark on day 1. Once Again directed by Kanwal Sethi (Hindi), Set in Jabalpur, “It is too early to say what could have driven them to end their lives, We have found kerosene tins. we all shared a good equation, In fact, “I am the oldest in the group.

” More from the world of Entertainment: Farah also said that the boys did some stunts while riding auto-rickshaws and buses.” For all the latest Sports News, Wimbledon’s courts are alive. For all the latest Opinion News, under prodding by the Johnson administration,whereupon Ram collapses from the shock. For a month,75 cr, #Logan Fri 4. Hamam Street branch were authorised for such transactions.

Each bank was also required to invest its deposits in securities – known as Statutory Liquidity Ratio.

label is particularly favoured by critics of both the bill and the UPA government that promulgated it.more populist than [the late Venezuelan president Hugo Chavez? For other observerspopulism is used to indicate any policy driven by narrow political calculations rather than the broader wellbeing of the nation Here it is the timing of the food security billduring an election yearthat makes it a populist move by the UPA government For some analyses written from this perspectiveeven non-economic election-year agendassuch as the BJPs revival of Ayodhyaqualify as populist Yetwithin the study of global politicspopulism has meant something entirely differentand far more conceptually specific Firstit refers to mobilisations led by a political outsidersomeone who was not previously a major player within the existing party system Secondpopulist leaders would use their outsider status to craft appeals that attacked the existing political establishment for being self-serving and deaf to the needs of the ordinary citizen Finallypopulist figures would deploy these anti-elite appeals in the service of establishing direct links with votersfavouring the development of a personalistic cult over a party brand This conceptualisation was developed most thoroughly within the context of Latin Americawhich produced iconic examples such as Chavez in VenezuelaAlberto Fujimori in Peru andmore recentlyEvo Morales in Bolivia This threefold criteria suggests there are far fewer true populists in Indian politics than our media suggests It is certainly difficult to portray the current Congress as populistgiven that it is a party led by the ultimate insiders of Indian politics The CPMs opposition to economic liberalisationor support for redistributive policieshas often earned it the populist labelbut this is also misplaced While the CPM certainly promotes an anti-elite platformit prioritises a strong party apparatus over a single charismatic individual even Jyoti Basu never had the monopoly on power that Chavez had Narendra Modi fits the bill to the extent that he has controversially sought to create a personal cult independent of the BJP and its Sangh affiliates Yet even his most ardent supporters would be hard-pressed to call his platform anti-eliteand survey evidence continues to confirm support for him remains highest among urban upper castes Of the major players in Indian politicsMayawati probably comes closest to earning the populist labelas a relative outsider who used vociferous anti-elite appeals to craft a significant (and jealously guarded) cult of personality How does any of this matter for everyday political discussion Isnt this just a semantic discussion for stuffy academics I do not think so Using terms whose meanings are neither well understood nor consistent leads us to talk past each otheror worse By constantly invoking populism for a disparate set of polices disliked for different reasons (we very rarely hear something praised for being populist)we have emptied the term of any specific analytic valueand replaced it with a vague negative connotation that enables obfuscation and slippery argumentation Analysts can disparage policies for being populistwithout having to clarify the stakes of their position Insteadthe use of specificappropriate and clearly understood terms is essential for transparent and responsible policy debateswhich surely we all agree are needed Thusif we mean to say a policy is redistributivewe should simply say so Doing so will force analysts to explain why they oppose redistribution specifically It will also force them to clarify and defend the broader implication of this positionwhich is often that there is an inevitable trade-off between democratic politics (which they see as creating incentives for privileging redistribution) and a robust economy (which they see as needing to be freed from such electoral shackles): the so-called democracy penalty for growth For the recordthe numerous global studies on this subject continue to disagree on whether such a penalty exists Similarlyif we mean to say a policy is electorally drivenwe should state this explicitly Doing so would force us to explain why that is an undesirable quality for a policy to have After allthe idea of a ruling party crafting policies that voters will reward it for is a sign of democracy working exactly as intended We might further have to specify whether this critique is intended to imply the need for less democracy should we leave policymaking to technocratic experts insulated from the voting public Or does it conversely mean the problem is that such policy responsiveness only happens every five yearsand that we need more democratic channels for public pressure to flow up to elected officials in non-election years This discussion brings us back full circle to the food security bill The policy is certainly redistributiveand also clearly driven by electoral interests To my mindneither trait is a signal of a deep dysfunction in Indian politics (of which there are plenty) If politicians believe that the key to their electoral appeal lies in proposing policies that are popular among Indias poor majoritythat is a heartening developmenteven if far from sufficient for ensuring the policy will be effectively implemented Indeedfor most of its historyIndia has been viewed by outside observers as puzzling because it has enacted far fewer of these policies than one would expect from such a poor democracy Why is this the case That is a question for another column The writer is assistant professor of political science and South Asian studies at Yale University [email protected] For all the latest Opinion News download Indian Express App More Related News

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Akbar was kind enough to give me Sanjay Dutt’s suits to wear. The actor said for days Kapoor and he would have to do “some buttering” so that the designer would give them suits. The mines ministry is expected to grant the prospecting licence for around 2, Company officials admit in private that they will not start any work till the company gets mining clearance for Khandadhar, Alas,a large visitors? “Today when any actor or actress flaunts his or her body I see it as a positive thing as kids follow them. Many mothers used to tell their kids if you want a body like Salman Khan.

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